12 Artistic research, also seen as 'practice-based research can take form when creative works are considered both the research and the object of research itself.A gap in the current literature, as identified by a researcher, then engenders a research question.Data Interpretation : This can be represented through tables, figures, and pictures, and then described in words.
Influence of the open-access movement Edit The open access movement assumes that all information generally deemed useful should be free and belongs to a "public domain that of "humanity".47 Multilingual scholars' influences from their native communicative styles can be assumed to be incompetence instead of difference.
29 The hourglass model starts with a broad spectrum for research, focusing in on the required information through the method of the project (like the neck of the hourglass then expands the research in the form of discussion and results.The historical method comprises the techniques and guidelines by which historians use historical sources and other evidence to research and then to write history.The instruments used for data collection must be valid and reliable.
The increasing participation of indigenous peoples as researchers has brought increased attention to the lacuna in culturally-sensitive methods of data collection.50 There is alleged to be a double standard in the Western knowledge system.
An example of research in the humanities is historical research, which is embodied in historical method.This careful language is used because researchers recognize that alternative hypotheses may also be consistent with the observations.